Paduwasnuwara is situated in 112km away from Colombo in Kurunegala district of north-eastern province of Sri Lanka. Even though panduawasnura most famous for its remarkable history. It has renowned love stories between Deeghagamini and Unmada Chitra. According to the court their uncle was decided to confine in solitary. After Chithra was thus placed in a separate chamber or Ek-tam–ge (one pillar palace ). As years went by Chithra grew to be very beautiful. Shortly after her 16th birthday, she was looking down at the garden below from her window when she saw a stranger talking to her brother Tissa under a tree. She called Chetiya and asked her who the handsome stranger was and was told that he was Prince Deeghagamini the ruler of the neighboring state. Chithra then told Cetiya that she would like to meet him. This was arranged and soon the young couple met. It did not take long for Chithra and Chetiya to find out that Chithra was pregnant. Chithra confided in her eldest brother Abhaya who learnt that it was their cousin Deeghagamini. Abhaya then telling the whole story to their father persuaded the king to give his sister in marriage to Prince Deeghagamini. The king agreed.
Abhaya then told the rest of the brothers who were furious. Tissa, second in age to Abhaya then said that if the child born to Chithra was a boy, he would personally kill the baby. As Chithra was certain that her baby would be a boy she planned to smuggle out the infant substituting his place with a girl child. The queen mother and Chetiya agreed to help her carry out the plan. In due course a son was born and was spirited away to the safety of the Ruhunu territory. A newly born baby girl was kept in his place. The king was overjoyed with his new granddaughter and blessing the child named her Canna, after the grandmother.
The boy who was growing up in Ruhuna was named Pandukabhaya – the name being a combination of Chithra's father Panduvasdeva and her brother Abhaya. After the death of King Panduvasdeva his eldest son Abhaya became king. However on revelation of Chithra's cunning plan King Abhaya was accused by his brothers and deposed. The second son Tissa was appointed as regent by his eight brothers. Tissa having stated that he would be consecrated king only when he had defeated his nephew Pandukabhaya, tried many times to find him and kill him. However it was to be as prophesized that young Pandhukabhaya slayed his uncles except Abhaya. He thus became the undisputed victor. In gratefulness he called upon his uncle Abhaya to become king but Abhaya declined. Thus Pandhukhabaya ascended the throne at 16 years. He shifted to Anuradha Gama and founded the city of Anuradhapura. To this new city he shifted the seat of government. He made Abhaya the mayor or guardian of the city and appointed Chanda the son of the Brahamin from whom he received his education, the Adhigar or his Chief Advisor. He was later to become the grandfather of King Devanam Piyatissa.
The mysterious archaeological ruins at Panduwasnuwara
This site that spreads over an area of 20 hectares is scattered with some ruins of monuments build in the 12th century AD. In spite of the significance of the ruins and the legends attributed to Panduwasnuwara, archeological exploration hasn’t been completed to date.The ruins located close to the Abaya wewa reservoir are perhaps the first ever irrigation reservoir in history.
Temple of the tooth
The restored temple of the tooth is located outside the fortified walls. The excavations have also unearthed a 2 level temple which had housed the Tooth relic during its time as the capital city. The temple features an eighteenth century Buddha statue and frescoes. Its original foundation can still be seen, although the elaborately designed roof was restored around the 1970s. Around the Bo (Peepal) tree is the edifice of a beautiful Bodhigara, protecting it.
Ruins of a tower inside the compound
Even though the temple is one of the most important features of the ancient city, the highlight is the ruins of a round-shaped tower situated inside the circular moat. Ruins of this tower like building called 'Chakkrawalaya' built by King Parakkramabahu the great who reigned in the 12th century are entangled in the history of King Pandukabhaya.
Archaeological museum at Paduwasnuwara
Coins, pottery, jewelry and small statues witness the archaeological excavation.