Sigiriya is one of Asia’s major archaeological sites, Sigiriya represent a distinctive concentration of fifth –century urban planning, architecture, gardening, engineering, hydraulics and art, centered on a massive rock rising 200 meters above the surrounding plain surgery, located in the Matale district near to Dambulla. It can be reached through along Colombo-Habarana highway. Sigiriya location is one of the considerable natural beauty and historical interest, an area of settlement lying between the cultural triangle of Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa, and Kandy. The Sigiriya plan still retains much of its forest, cover, and many of its present village settlements and man-made village reservoirs date back to the first millennium B.C.The Archeological Wonder of Sri Lankan City Planning, Arts, Gardens aping, Engineering, Hydraulic Technology and Defense of the 5th Century AD are Landmarks of Sigiriya.

• Urban form

One of the important aspects of the archaeology of Sigiriya is that it is one of the best-preserved and most elaborate urban sites in South Asia from the first millennium A.D

• The Apsara painting

The paintings would have covered most of the western face of the rock, covering an area 140 meters long and 40 meters high. There are references in the Graffiti to 500 ladies in these paintings.

• The boulder garden painting

This was that formed the boulder garden at the time of Sigiriya monasteries, a significant fragment of painting can be seen in at least five of these. The royal garden, water garden, the miniature water garden, the terraced Garden, the Mirror Wall, The lion staircase and the palace.

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