Udawalawe National park is undoubtedly the best place to see wild Asian Elephants throughout the year. Udawalawe National Park is unique in terms of consistency in numbers of elephants roaming in the park. It has no a seasonal variation in herds of elephants. The reserve covers 30, 821 hectares of land. The park established on 30 June 1972. Park is Located165 km kilometres away from Colombo. Species recorded from the park include 94 plants, 12 amphibians, 21 fish, 33 reptiles, 184 birds, and 43 mammals. Additionally 135 species of butterflies are among the invertebrates found in Udawalawe.
The main attraction of the park are Water Buffalo, Wild boar, Spotted Deer, Samber Deer, Jackal, Black-naped hare, bandicoots, mongooses, foxes, the endemic Toque Macaque and Gray Langers. If you are lucky Sighting Leopard and other smaller cats like Fishing cat & Jungle cat can be seen.
The endemic species of bird called Red Faced Malkoha has its favourite habitat in the 195 square km parkland. Hawk Eagles, Serpent Eagles, Black Eagles, Black Capped Bulbuls, Racket Tailed Drongos, Malabar Pied Horn Bills, White Bellied Sea Eagles, White Necked Storks, and Ibis, Shama - The forest Nightingale, Open Bills, Strol Billed Kin Fishers and peacocks. Among the migrant birds are the forest wagtails, Indian Pitta, Whiskered Terns, Osprey Sand Pipers and Terns.
Satin trees that abound in the park attract butterflies. Attractive Banded Peacock, Common Jezebel, Common Indian Crow and many species of ‘Yellows and Whites’ Common Mormon. In the revering forest areas Common Blue-bottle are seen.
While the crocodiles doze off on the banks of the reservoir, the water monitor lizards are abounding in the park. The best hours to visit the park are in the mornings and evenings. Late evening also affords the photographic opportunities in the backdrop of loveliest sunsets.
Elephant Transit Home
Elephant is largest and an endangered spices in the world. Their survival and natural habits is threatened by various human activities. Recently human elephant conflict in increasing. Due to this case many elephants constantly being killed in the forest and number of baby elephants become orphaned or abandoned. The Udawalawe Elephant Transfer Home is an Elephant orphanage located within the Udawalawe National Park. Established in 1995 by the Department of wildlife Conservation, it is home to over 40 orphaned elephants. The orphaned calves and juveniles of the park are brought into the orphanage and raised with necessary care until such time as they could be released to their habitat. Once they are released to the park, currently 31 destitute baby elephants are being looked after by the DWC. the Park authorities take upon themselves to keep constant track of the beasts till they get used to the new life in the wild. As at the year 2008, no less than sixty-five elephants had been released to the jungle. we want to protect this large intelligent mammals.