Knuckles range region stretches an impressive 155 sq. km that contains five major forest formations, a wide variety of rare and endemic flora and fauna and some breathtaking mountain scenery of Sri Lanka. This magnificent area lies in central Sri Lanka, in the districts of Matale and Kandy. At the northern end of the central highlands, to the south and east of the mountain range is Mahaweli river basins while to the west are Matale plains. A knuckle features a great diversity in its forest covered dry evergreen forests, mountain forests, sub-Montana forests, dry and wet pathana, Savanna etc. It has been found 20 percent of the plants herein are endemic to Sri Lanka. A wide range of hardwood as well as herbal plants is founded herein. It has been declared a conservation area, now known as the Knuckles national heritage and wilderness area. Knuckles range also called ‘’Dumbara’’.
Knuckles range is home to mammals such as wild boar, spotted deer, giant squirrel, barking deer; purple faced leaf monkey, mongoose and porcupine are found here. Weather in the Knuckles mountain range is unpredictable and could transform within few minutes. A thick mist could shroud the mountains in a matter of minutes. Rain could breeze in any day.
December to February is a good period to enjoy trekking at Knuckles. Possibility of rain is moderate. March to May too is a good period to go trekking in Knuckles with the possibility of rain being low. June to September being the period with the lowest possibility of rain, it presents the best opportunity. September to November is the period that doesn’t attract the trekkers in view of the high.