Sinharaja is the world heritage virgin Rain forest in Sri Lanka. Out of a total of 830 indigenous plants in the island Sinharaja has nearly 500 plants and out of 21 native bird species in the country 17 species have made Sinharaja their home. The Location of the Sinharaja Rain forest is in the South Western part of the island and spanning an area of 18900 acres. Sinharaja forest Reserve is bordering three districts of the island, Namely Galle, Matara and Ratnapura districts. This magnificent Eco system has been abounded by rivers on three sides. On the north, the Napola Dola and Koskulana Ganga bound Sinharaja. On the south and southeast are the rivers Maha Dola and Gin Ganga. On the west are the river Kalukandawa Ela and river Kudawa Ganga. To the east of Sinharaja is an ancient footpath near Beverley Tea Estate and by the Denuwa Kanda. The Sinharaja Forest reserves also home to over 50% of Sri Lanka's endemic species of mammals and butterflies, as well as many kinds of insects, reptiles and rare amphibians.
Most of the area of Sinharaja forest was originally declared a forest reserve under the Waste Lands Ordinance in 1875. In 1978, Sinharaja Rain Forest was included in the international network of biosphere reserves, established and maintained as part of UNESCO’s Man and the Biosphere (MAB) program. On October 1988, this reserve, together with a northeastern extension of it, was declared Sri Lanka’s first National Wilderness Heritage Area.
Sinharaja hosts to 95% endemic birds in Sri Lanka. Over 147 species have been recorded. This variety of species is possible because of the availability of specific habitats that range from 300 to 1500 meters. There is evidence that there have been elephants in parts of the Sinharaja and its surrounding forests. However, their numbers have gone down over time and now there are only a few animals on the Rakwana side of Sinharaja, especially in the Handapan Ella, Thangamalai and Deepdene areas. Some threatened freshwater fish found in Sinharaja are Comb Tail, Smooth-breasted Snakehead, Black Ruby Barb, Cherry Barb and Red-tailed go-by.The awe-inspiring experience cannot be described in any word, you have to experience it.