King Buwanekabahu II shifted his kingdom to Kurunegala in 1293 A.D. After his death his son Parakramabahu IV comes to the throne in 1302 A.D. He was the great leader who energised Kurunegala era.
Located 90Kms off Colombo, the Capital city of Kurunegala has been so called for the giant rock namely “Athugala” (Elephant Rock) in the middle of the city. Kurunegala” is a pure Sinhala derivation of the mixed Sinhala name “Hasthishailapura” meaning ‘the city of the Elephant Rock’ so named after its shape of a resting elephant, as it is obvious at a glance. A hot day’s city temperature records high owing to this rock. For the prevailing modern land-access facilities to the city, one commencing from Colombo can reach it easily in less than 2½hours. The provincial capital has many 19th Century relics of the British colonial period including the government agent’s residence, (presently the governor’s office) clock tower, and many more other buildings.
The clock tower in the centre of the city forms a monument of the brave soldiers who participated in the World War II. Dotting the city through an aerial photograph is ancient building whose initial forms have by now changed. Adding to the city escape is the lake around which many hotels and restaurants are located. If you watch around from the top of the Elephant rock the whole city is can be visualized in an obtuse angle.