The breath-taking island heeling with it is proud history and pristine beaches, virgin rain forest and many more. The entire leaving beings depended on this balance of environment. We should have fair clearness to protect this environment through our business we primes encourage responsible holidays where we can do and what we can do.
Help to Marine life and water bodies
The small paradise surrounded by the warm blue water of the Indian Ocean and contains about 150 over beautiful waterfall, pristine lagoons, natural lakes, 103 over rivers, massive man-made reservoirs and 1000 smaller lake. All these bunch of water bodies are increasing island beauty. We suppose to launch following conservation project.
Conservation of Mangroves
Mangrove ecosystems played a vital role in buffering the force of the tsunami waves and in protecting the human inhabitations. These mangrove systems also perform vital hydrological functions and serve as breeding grounds for fish & other marine species.
Almost 40% of the world’s mangroves are concentrated in Asia, the region has also accounted for the highest loss of mangrove area over the last decade. The mangrove systems covering an area of 6000-7000 ha are interspersed along the coastline of Sri Lanka. The largest mangrove system is located in Puttalam Lagoon – Dutch Bay – Portugal Bay complex and covers an area of 3385 ha. The other large concentrations are in Batticaloa and Trincomalee districts. The mangrove forests in Bentota are highly threatened as a result of unchecked growth of the tourism sector.
Ecological Value of Mangroves
Mangrove ecosystems suffer constant exposure to conditions of high salinity, low oxygen, strong winds, and high light intensity.
Although the mangrove ecosystem is exposed to the hostile environmental conditions, it is one of the most productive wetland ecosystems in Sri Lanka. In order to survive in these harsh conditions, mangroves have developed remarkable adaptations to survive, and provide shelter for other mangrove associate organisms. Some of these adaptations are: the aerial roots for absorbing atmospheric oxygen, prop, and knee root system to anchor in soft soil and “Viviparity” of seed germinations.
Mangroves represent a rich and diverse natural resource. Mangroves are home to many uniquely adapted biodiversity. The mangrove ecosystems play a key role by being a connecting link between marine and terrestrial ecosystems.
This link will provide the maintenance of the stability, not only in the mangrove habitats itself, but also to the other related coastal ecosystems such as sea grass beds, coral reefs.
This ecosystem plays a significant role in replenishing various fish populations in the coastal and lagoon fish industry. The nutrients given to the lagoon as detritus from the mangrove ecosystem are carried into the coastal waters by the tidal currents.
They become food for marine micro- organisms, which is the first step of the marine food chain. The shallow inter-tidal reaches that characterize the mangrove wetlands offer refuge and nursery grounds for juvenile fish, crabs, shrimps, and molluscs.
Mangroves are also prime nesting and migratory sites for hundreds of bird species. Additionally, Monkeys, Fishing cats, water monitor, Sea Turtles, and Mud-skipper fish utilize the mangrove wetlands.
This unique ecosystem is home to over 20 true mangrove species of Sri Lanka. The major genera that represent these species are Avicennia, Rhizophora, Bruguiera and Sonneratia. According to mangrove abundance and distribution they can be categorized as very common, common, and rare.
Mangroves represent unique ecological niche for many species of terrestrial fauna. Most attractive animals in the mangroves are many species of water and shore birds. Mangrove forests support an animal population of considerable size and variety. The mangrove fauna represent almost all the phyla, ranging from simple protozoa to birds, reptiles and mammals. Some of these mangrove fauna spend at least part of their life in the mangrove ecosystem. The species composition and diversity of mangrove fauna are not comprehensively studied in Sri Lanka.
There are five species of mangrove associated crabs, and five prawn species that have been identified. The mud lobster (Thalassinaanomala) is unique to the mangrove environment. These burrowing lobster mounds can easily be observed in the mangrove habitats. Birds are the most attractive vertebrates associated with this mangrove ecosystem. The most common resident bird species that can be observed in the mangrove habitats include herons, egrets, cormorants, teals, waders, kingfishers and terns that feed on aquatic organisms.
The Water Monitor (Varanussalvator) is the most common reptile in mangroves. The two species of crocodiles, Estuarine Crocodile (Crocodylusporosus) and Mugger Crocodile (Crocodyluspalustris) also occurs in mangroves in Sri Lanka. Among the other common reptiles in the mangroves are, the Common Bronzeback (Dendrelaphistristis), Checkered Keelback (Xenochrophispiscator), and common garden lizard (Calotescalotes).
The noteworthy mammals that are associated with mangroves include Purple-faced Leaf Monkey (Trachypithecusvetulus), Sri Lanka Golden Palm Cat (Paradoxuruszeylonensis) and the Sri Lanka Slender Loris (Loris tardigradus).
The mangrove habitats also serve as an important refuge for carnivorous mammals such as Fishing Cat (Prionailurusviverrinus), and Eurasian Otter (Lutralutra). Apart from these mammals, a few species of bats and shrews are also commonly found with the former playing a key role in mangrove pollination as well.
The mangrove associated fishes are a very important part of the mangrove biodiversity. There are three major types of fishes in mangrove areas; freshwater forms, brackish water forms, and marine-brackish migratory species. The typical freshwater species included Striped Rasbora (Rasboradaniconius), Giant Danio (Daniomalabaricus), Horandandiya (Horadandiyaathukorali), Barbs (Puntius spp.) and the Walking Catfish (Clariasbrachysoma). These species can be observed in the relatively low salinity zones, due to the inflow of freshwater from the streams. Typical brackish water forms include ambassids , Pony fish, Mono (Monodactylusargenteus), Target fish (Theraponjabua), Mud skipper (Periopthalmuskoelrenteri) and the Milk fish (Chanoschanos). Mangroves are home to a few species of migratory species, including both “catadromous” species (species that migrate from fresh to marine habitats for reproduction) and “anadromous” species (marine species which move into brackish or fresh water for spawning or to spend their juvenile period).
A typical catadromous species is the Short-finned Eel (Anguilla bicolor), while anadromous species include the Snappers (Lutjanus spp.), Trevally (Caranx spp.), Silver Beddy (Gerres spp.), Surgeon fish (Acanthurus spp.) and Barracuda (Sphyraena spp.).
One of the most recent and significant causes of mangrove forest loss in the past decade has been the consumer demand for luxury shrimp, or "prawns", and the corresponding expansion of destructive production methods of export-oriented industrial shrimp aquaculture. Vast tracts of mangrove forests have been cleared to make way for the establishment of coastal shrimp farming facilities, especially in the north western coastal belt in Sri Lanka. One tragic irony of industrial shrimp aquaculture is that the process requires clean water, yet it has become a source of severe water pollution.
The often unrestricted use of chemical inputs, such as antibiotics, pesticides and water additives, when combined with the build-up on the pond bottoms of unused feeds and Moses has led to epidemic shrimp diseases and many early pond closures because of harmful accumulation of toxic effluents.
Mangroves are resistant to a small degree of disturbances, and are very sensitive to deforestation, pollution, and land reclamation. There has been a significant reduction of mangrove ecosystems in the past two decades due to various reasons.
This reduction is caused by the increasing non-sustainable human activities in and around the mangrove habitats. Aquaculture, agricultural expansion, urbanization, unregulated discharge of pollutants, unregulated waste disposal and illegal encroachments are some of the major threats to this unique ecosystem. Today the mangrove ecosystem is facing serious threats from development pressure, and there is a national need to conserve these sensitive ecosystems. A national effort is required to increase the public awareness to conserve the mangrove habitat, and its unique biodiversity.
Conservation of Mangroves
Restoration of mangroves means bringing back mangrove habitats in the areas where it existed before. However, when compared to the other plantations, mangrove plants need special environmental conditions to grow. Although many methodologies have been developed to restore the mangrove ecosystem, it is vital to modify those methods to the site specific requirements.
The community based restoration approach has been widely used in restoring mangroves. Local communities engaged in fishing activities that are located around the mangrove areas are generally aware of the importance of mangroves as they are dependent on the mangroves for the provision of goods and services. The selection of the local community based organization should be based on the capacity of these organizations to handle projects of this nature, membership strength, good representation of women members and their experience in working with government agencies, such as Department of Wildlife Conservation, Forest Department, and the Coast Conservation Department.
The capacity building for ecosystem restoration and project implementation of the implementing agency is vital for the success of the restoration activities.
The strengthened capacity of representative organization of the local communities will ensure that they are more aware of the inter-relationships between mangrove ecosystems and their lives, enhance their success rate of planting mangroves, and being able to serve as best practice examples and transfer their knowledge to other communities in the area and elsewhere.. The involvement of women in mangrove restoration and ecosystem restoration work is an empowerment effort as it provides them economic opportunities that further enhance their bargaining power in the context of the society at large. The youth need to be integrated into mangrove restoration related work as they need to be part of a process of defining a more sustainable future with enhanced ecosystems and improved livelihoods based on mangrove and ecosystem reliance.
• Identify Endemic fish
Freshwater fishes are an important part of our native biological diversity that deserves our urgent attention due to several reasons. The number of native freshwater fishes is now considered to be 78 species, of which 32 are generally accepted as endemic. (Or those that are found only in Sri Lanka). The rate of endemism is about 40% and is a very high value. Many of these endemics have restricted ranges of distribution and are mostly confined to the Wet Zone of the country.
• Turtles conservation
Among the many different variety of this species, only eight of these ancient reptiles are found living today. Of the eight, Sri Lanka is famous for five kinds of turtle’s species including Green turtles, Leatherbacks, Olive Ridleys, Hawksbills and Loggerheads who regularly visit the sandy beaches to nest in Sri Lanka's South beaches including Mirissa.
Sri Lanka has a number of lakes, reservoirs and small village lakes. The tanks have unique components and it help to protect and ensure the tank and its environment.
Such of the components are Bisokotuwa, Kattakaduwa, Godawala, Gasgommana, Ralapanawa etc. As well as the tanks have face incitation process. So that the capacity of the tanks has reduced and the tank system of Sri Lanka has created by the Cascading system. The system is a best practice for water management as well as a best answer to the floods and droughts.
However, most of people have not an idea about the importance of tanks and its environment. And the people dump plastics, polythene and other garbage to tanks.
And most of the tanks have faced in eutrophication process. Theeutrophication is negatively affected to the aquatic life of the water body, i.e. it disturbs to receiving solar ray and species can be died as a result of it is not photosynthesis. The major cause for the eutrophication is spreading invasive species and masses in the water body. So we suppose to help cleaners to remove them.
Eco-friendly products are products that do not harm the environment, whether in their production, use or disposal.
Some of these going green products when in use, help conserve energy, minimize carbon footprint or the emission of greenhouse gases, and does not lead to substantial toxicity or pollution to the environment.
Other green products are biodegradable, recyclable or compostable. Hence, they do not harm the environment or upset the ecological balance when they are disposed of.
There are also eco-friendly products that are made out of recycled materials. These recycle products help reduce the need for new raw materials and the amount of waste sent to landfills and incinerators (because waste can be diverted to making recycled products).
The use of eco-friendly or going green products is an important step in protecting the environment.
Support To The Community
The entire premise of our business is to market holidays that have a greater positive impact on the local communities, cultures and people visited. Whether it is Anuradhapura, Bambulla, Habarana,Polonnaruwa, the holidays we market help create jobs for local people, greater income for local people and minimise negative impacts on cultures. We require all operators and accommodations listed on the site to provide travellers with information that helps sensitise them to local cultures and different ways of life.
This provides free Publicities through our site for the Environment frond product. Many such local communities are too small or remote to be able to market them successfully. This means their business levels and occupancy are low and they have to rely on support from donors or go out of business.
We are proud to support such projects, many of which are based in areas of outstanding, and often vulnerable, natural and cultural heritage. In addition, we offer small scale enterprises free marketing on green foot travels
• Support Education and children
We believed education was the way to build a successful man and society. Through our business, we suppose to help small school and children for their education you can help and join with us.
• Support Sports
Sports and recreational activities are provided many positive opportunities for children and people. However, they can also cause some problems. Many parents believe that participation in sports will enhance children's school accomplishments, while others believe that sports get in the way of their children's achievement and someone has problem to achieve their goals for their practise or participating international games. We are willing help them thought our sport tourism to achieve their goal.
• Support to sell environment friendly product and green shopping
Environment friendly products
Before you embark on your shopping for green products, you may want to check out green product directory using this link: http://www.all-recycling-facts.com/eco-friendly-products-directory.html#VisitorPages
Find out about the range of goods and brands available.
More importantly, do check out the reviews of environmentally friendly products and brands contributed by our readers, to find out which brands and products are of quality and value-for-money, and are truly eco-friendly.